scutching

The separation of the outer covering of the flax stalk from the usable fibers.

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uncut velvet

Uncut velvet is a type of velvet in which the pile is left in loop form. For production, the wire method is used. Occasionally called terry velvet.

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cut velvet

Cut velvet has a pattern of velvet on a bare ground.

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bagheera

Name for an uncut pile velvet clothing fabric with a rough surface. Extraordinary restistant. Connected to: pile, velvet

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bias

Bias is a fabric cut diagonally across the warp and filling yarns. A true bias is cut on a 45° angle from the lower left to the upper right of a cloth.

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candlewick

Candlewick is a thick and mellow yarn used to form tufts by pulling it through a base fabric and then cutting it. The term ""candlewick"" is also used for the fabric made by this method.

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chenille

Chenille is a fabric consisting of wool, cotton, silk or artifical fibers. It is woven from blurry yarns or tufts. Usually it is a mix from chenille and normal textile yarns. While chenille is the filling, the other yarn is the warp. Chenille is a pile yarn originally made by weaving a pile fabric and subsequently cutting it into strips. Its main use is for draperies and bedspreads.

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corduroy

A ribbed, high-luster, cut-pile fabric with extra filling threads that form lengthwise ribs or wales. The rib has been sheared or woven to produce a smooth, velvet-like nap. The thread count varies from 46 x 116 to 70 x 250. Traditionally made of cotton, corduroy can be made of many different fibers, such as rayon and polyester blends. lt is used for dresses, coats, sports jackets, sports shirts, bathrobes, slacks, and draperies.

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molding

The thermoplastic nature of most of the man-made fibers means that they change their shape under heat, thereby enabling the molding of items instead of knitting them or cutting and sewing them to the desired shape. Although this method of manufacture has great promise, so far it has been successful primarily in brassieres (most seamless brassieres have molded cups) and in upholstery applications.

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residual srinkage

The amount of shrinkage remaining in a fabric or gannent after all manufacturing processes are completed. More than residual shrinkage is undesirable, but common because in many fabrics the removal of residual shrinkage is not always included as patt of the finish.ing process. Because fabrics often have residual shrinkage, it is important to preshrink before cutting fabrics used in hon3e sewing. See preshrunk.

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rhinestone

A faceted pie of glass (the glass is cut with faces that reflect light). Rhinestones are used in costume jewelry or as decoration on clothing or trimming. Rhinestones are also ealled diamante,

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random-sheared rug

A pile rug in which some sections of the pile are cut and other sections are not. See pile and shearing.

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sculptured rug

A floor covering in which the pile is cut in different lengths to form a Jacquard design made with different heights.

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seamless

A self-explanatory term. A seamless garment has no seams or fewer seams than the ordinary cut-and-sewn garment of its type. The word seamless is used primarily for garments that are given their final shape by heat-setting (called boarding in the case of hosiery) or molding. See cut-and-sewn, heat-setting, boarding, and molding.

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set-in pockets

(or slash-)pockets made by cutting an opening in the garment and stitching the pocket to the inside of the garment so only the opening is visible.

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shawl collar

A collar formed by cutting the lapel and collar in one continuous piece.

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staple

Short lengths of fiber, measured in inches or fractions of inches, like those naturally found in cotton and wool. These short lengths must be spun to obtain a length sufficient for weaving or knitting. Silk is the only natural fiber that does not come in staple lengths, but instead in filament lengths. Man-made fibers often are cut into staple lengths for spinning to imitate natural fibers. See spinning, filament, and spun fiber yarn.

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sweetheart neckline

A low-cut neckline with the bottom edge cut in a shape resembling the top of a heart.

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tassel

Several strands of yarn loops joined together below the top and cut at the end. Tassels are used in rows as home furnishings trimmings and singly for such uses as zipper pulls or on the corners of pillows.

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tow

Short flax fibers, separated by hackling (combing) from the longer fibers. Also, the poorly hackled, uneven linen yarn made from these short fibers. lt may also refer to a continuous loose rope of man made filaments drawn together without twist to be cut in lengths for spun yarn.

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velour

A knit or woven fabric with a thick, short pile. Every velour cloth has cut loops to produce the velour effect. [t also has a rich look, but is not as effective in drying as conventional terry cloth. lt may also be spelled velours.

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transparent velvet

A sheer-cut pile velvet usually all rayon or with rayon pile, suitable for evening dresses, wraps, and millinery.

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bias tape

A strip of fabric cut on the diagonal between the lengthwise and crosswise grain of the fabric. Because bias tape has considerable stretch, it is used to bind edges where a certain de­gree of stretch is necessary for a smooth finish. Curved areas are often finished with bias tape. Bias tape can also be used for purely decorative trimming. lt is available precut and packaged in a wide range of colors.

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fringe

A trimming made of hanging yarns, cords, or tassels. lt may be made in loop form or with the loops cut.

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tuxedo collar

A shawl collar cut in one width and which extends the full length of the front edge of a jacket.

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twist

A technical term referring to the way in which yam is turned during the course of its manufacture. It is the number of times (turns) one inch of yarn is twisted. In carpeting, twist is a corkserew-like, uncut pile. Yarns of different colors may be twisted together to form pile loops causing a pebbly appearance. It resists footmarks and is good for high traffic areas.

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uncut velvet

Uncut velvet is a type of velvet in which the pile is left in loop form. For production, the wire method is used. Occasionally called terry velvet.

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velvet

Velvet is a fabric with a short and closely woven nap. The production of velvet varies between two methods. One uses a double-cloth construction in which two shifts of fabric are woven with long threads joining them together. After the double fabric is woven, the center threads are cut, producing two pieces of velvet. The second method of producing velvet uses wires. During the weaving the yarn is lifted over the wires to form the pile. After removing the wires the yarn is cut to form the velvet surface. While velvet was originally made of silk, today many other fibers are used to manufacure velvet (e.g. rayon or nylon).

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beaded velvet

Beaded velvet is another name for cut velvet.

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cut velvet

Cut velvet has a pattern of velvet on a bare ground.

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faconne velvet

A cut velvet made by the burnout method of printing. See cut velvet, printing, and burn-out printing.

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velvet rug

A floor covering woven on a plain harness loom with Cut pile. It has solid color or printed pile.

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v-neck

A neckline cut in the shape of the letter V.

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